Opposition movement formed in Pakistan in early 1980s to protest then-president Zia-ul-Haq's indefinite postponement of elections. The movement included supporters of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, members of the Pakistan National Alliance, and secular and religiously oriented parties; Jamaat-i Islami joined in 1984. The goals of the movement were restoration of democratic elections and political process and an end to martial law. The movement opposed and boycotted Zia's 1984 Islamization program. Despite a return to civilian rule in 1986, MRD continued to demand free elections of political parties and resignation of Zia as army chief of staff to ensure that the president was truly civilian.