(b Augsburg, 1719; d Salzburg, 1787).
Ger. composer and violinist. Educated in Augsburg 1727–35. Went to Salzburg Benedictine Univ. 1737. Played in orch. of Prince‐Archbishop of Salzburg from 1743, becoming court composer and Vice‐Kapellmeister 1762. Father of 2 prodigiously talented children, Wolfgang and Anna, to whose training and exploitation he devoted much time. Comp. many types of mus., incl. famous Toy Symphony (simplified and reduced version of a Cassation in G) and author of influential vn. method, 1756.