(b St Petersburg, 1906; d Leningrad, 1988). Russ. conductor. Cond., Leningrad Th. of Opera and Ballet 1932–8. Prin. cond., Leningrad PO from 1938 to his death. Prof., Leningrad Cons. Cond. f.ps. of Shostakovich's 5th, 6th, 8th, 9th, and 10th Syms. and other works.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.