Mount Sandel, Co. Londonderry, Northern Ireland

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An early Mesolithic wintertime seasonal settlement overlooking the River Bann, excavated by Peter Woodman in 1973–7. At the heart of the settlement is a series of four circular house foundations representing the remains of wooden structures each about 6 m across with a central hearth. Around about are rubbish disposal pits that yielded the remains of fish (salmon, trout, and eels), birds, pigs, dogs, capercaille, hazlenuts, and apples. The main phase of occupation spans the period 7000–6500 bc. A distinctive stone industry includes microliths, tranchet axes, and early examples of polished stone axes.


P. C. Woodman, 1985, Excavations at Mount Sandel 1973–77. Belfast: HMSO

Subjects: Archaeology.

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