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Jurist capable of giving, upon request, an authoritative although nonbinding opinion (fatwa) on a point of Islamic law. These opinions are generally based on precedent and compiled in legal reference manuals. In Twelver Shiism an analogous role came to be played by a mujtahid. In some contexts, muftis are appointed by the state and serve on advisory councils.

See also Faqih; Fatwa

Subjects: Islam.

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