(c.1834–85 (AH 1258–1302)). Al-Mahdī of the Sudan. After early religious experience, he believed himself called to cleanse the world from corruption and wanton behaviour. His first target was the Turkish Empire. He made his first public appearance as Mahdī in 1881, and resisted all attempts of the Sudanese and Egyptians to defeat him. The extension of his campaigns took him to Khartoum, where, in 1885, General Gordon was killed. He himself died not long after, and the incipient Mahdīya movement was ended by Kitchener in 1898 at the battle of Omdurman.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions in Oxford Reference.