(b Marseilles, 29 Aug 1876; d Paris, 16 July 1954). French tenor. He began his career as an actor, then studied singing in Paris, making his début at the Opéra-Comique in 1902 as the King in the première of Reynaldo Hahn's La Carmélite. At the Opéra, where he first sang in 1905 as Renaud (C. W. Gluck's Armide), he created roles in two Jules Massenet operas, Theseus in Ariane (1906) and the title role of Bacchus, and also Prinzivalle in Henry Février's Monna Vanna (1909). At Monte Carlo he created Hercules in Camille Saint-Saëns's Déjanire (1911) and Lentulus in Massenet's Roma (1912). His roles included Faust, Massenet's Des Grieux, Werther, Romeo, Don José, Wilhelm Meister, Samson, Vincent D’Indy's Fervaal, Ernest Reyer's Sigurd and Gabriel Fauré's Ulysses, which he sang in the Paris première of Pénélope (1913, Théâtre des Champs-Elysées). He also sang Walther, Radames, the Duke, Canio and was the first Herod at the Opéra. He appeared in Boston and Chicago (1913–22) and Buenos Aires. In 1931 he sang Ulysses at the Opéra-Comique, where he was manager for a few weeks in 1943. Though his voice was not of great intrinsic beauty, he used it with artistry, intensity of expression and skill, as his recordings demonstrate. From 1913 to 1927 he was married to the soprano Lina Cavalieri, with whom he appeared in an American film version of l’Abbé Prévost's novel Manon Lescaut.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.