(1755–1821) naval officer, born in Chestertown, Maryland. He saw action during the Revolutionary War and the Quasi-War with France (1798–1800). Unable to obtain the desired navy commission, Murray fought for a time with the Continental army, taking part in the Battle of White Plains (1776), and then sailed as a privateer, with only modest success, being twice captured. Finally obtaining a commission (1781), Murray was again captured and released, and returned to privateering until his appointment as a lieutenant aboard a warship, where he remained until it was decommissioned (1785). During his first command of the Quasi-War, Murray lost a ship of his squadron and captured one prize. His next command (1799) resulted in not a single capture in more than two months before he took two modest prizes.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.