James Murray

(1721—1794) army officer and colonial governor

'James Murray' can also refer to...

Murray, James

Murray, James

Murray, James

James Murray (1831—1863) architect

James Murray (b. 1927)

James Murray (1732—1782) Independent minister

James Murray (1690—1764) politician

James Murray (1702—1758) Church of Scotland minister

James Murray (1690—1770) politician and governor of the exiled Stuart princes

Murray, James

Murray, James

Sir James Murray Pulteney (c. 1755—1811) army officer

James F. Murray

To James Murray

To James Murray

To James Murray

(Sir) James Murray (18371915)

Murray, James (1927– )

James of Pardewis Murray (c. 1522—1592) courtier and administrator


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(1721–94). Born in Scotland, Murray was an army officer and governor who introduced British military and civilian rule in post-conquest Quebec. He represents the growing influence of Scottish interests in the administrative as well as commercial life of the empire. He served as an officer in the Seven Years' War at the siege of Louisbourg (1758) and upon Wolfe's death commanded the defence of Quebec. He became a military governor of the District of Quebec (1760) and was made civilian governor in 1763. Despite initial misgivings about the loyalty of the Canadiens, he realized the British policy of anglicization as laid out in the Royal Proclamation of 1763 was counterproductive; he tried to mediate between the realities of governing a Catholic French-speaking colony with often contradictory and confused instructions from metropolitan policy-makers. His attempts to reconcile the demands of the local Anglo-merchants for full British constitutional institutions with the need for a system of governance and law supporting Canadien property rights and the Catholic Church largely failed. Undermined by London's insistence on separating civil and military command and by complaints from the British merchant community, Murray was recalled in 1766.

From The Oxford Companion to Canadian History in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: History of the Americas.

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