Iranian religious scholar and writer, one of the closest associates of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini (d. 1989). Studied jurisprudence in Qom, where he met Khomeini and Muhammad Husayn Tabatabai (d. 1981). In 1954 he began teaching at Tehran University. Khomeini appointed Mutahhari to his Revolutionary Council, the interim legislature after the 1979 revolution. Assassinated in May 1979 by adherents of Furqan, a group that promoted an anticlerical interpretation of Shii Islam and who saw him as its most formidable intellectual opponent. Mutahhari's legacy lies in his writings, much of which philosophically refute materialism, cultural decline, and women's rights.