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Is the concept of shared interests in the workplace. In other words, managers and employees have mutual goals, influence, and responsibilities, and receive mutual respect and rewards. In practical terms, the principle of mutuality means that changes in work organization should be negotiated with employee representatives (usually trade unions), essentially giving the employees the power of veto over workplace change. Critics argue that, although a laudable aim, such mutuality is rarely found because, ultimately, there is an imbalance of power, which means managers always have the upper hand. [See unitarism and pluralism.]

Subjects: Human Resource Management.

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