(b Novogeorgyevsk, 1881; d Moscow, 1950).
Russ. composer. Prof. of comp. Moscow Cons., 1921–50, pupils incl. Kabalevsky, Khachaturian, and Shebalin. One of composers denounced by Soviet officials in 1948 for formalism. Wrote 27 syms., the first in 1908, the last being perf. posthumously. No.19 is for military band. Also comp. sym.‐poems Nevermore (after Poe's The Raven) and Alastor (after Shelley); sinfonietta; vn. conc. (1938); vc. conc. (1944–5); 13 str. qts. (No.1 1929–30, No.13 1949); 9 pf. sonatas; and many songs.