(b Ober‐Sárka, nr. Prague, 1737; d Rome, 1781).
Bohemian composer. His first opera Medea was a big success in Parma, 1764, followed by Il Bellerofonte, Naples 1767. Went to Vienna and Munich 1772. In 1773 he composed La Clemenza di Tito for Venice. Mozart admired his pf. sonatas and praised his oratorio Abramo ed Isacco, Munich 1777. Comp. 27 operas, 6 oratorios, and instr. works of all kinds.