(b Giessen, nr Friedrichshafen, 25 March 1835; d Munich, 21 March 1902). German tenor. After studying in Milan with Francesco Lamperti and at Stuttgart with Jan Pišek, he made his début in 1857 at Pessau, then appeared at Meiningen, Cologne, Hanover and Prague (1860–63), where he sang Lionel in Friedrich Flotow's Martha and Charles Gounod's Faust, and Darmstadt (1863–8), where his roles included Gounod's Romeo. He began a 23-year association with the Hofoper, Munich, on 24 June 1867 as Flotow's Alessandro Stradella and sang Walther at the first performance of Die Meistersinger (1868), Froh at the première of Das Rheingold (1869), the title role in Rienzi (1871) and Radames in Aida (1877). In 1878 he sang Lohengrin in Rome and in 1882 made his London début as Adolar in Carl Maria von Weber's Euryanthe at Drury Lane. He also sang in Berlin, Hamburg and Moscow. His farewell appearance in Munich on 13 October 1890, when he sang Chapelou in Adolphe Adam's Le postillon de Lonjumeau, was his 1001st performance at the Hofoper. Although he sang many heavy dramatic roles including Siegmund (Die Walküre), a superb technique preserved the suppleness and lyricism of his voice throughout a long career.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.