Reformist school founded in India by Sayyid Muhammad Ali Mongiri in Lucknow in 1894. It aimed to train ulama who would promote traditional religious knowledge and national Muslim leadership using some Western learning. Among other Indian Muslim responses to Western hegemony and in the context of organized Hindu resurgence, the school sought to unify the ulama, connect Indian Muslims to the pan-Islamic community, reinvigorate pride in Islamic culture, and promote proselytization. Although self-identified later as Hanafi to the detriment of its original inclusivity, the diversity of its membership influenced future Muslim organizations and undertakings (e.g., the Khilafat movement).
See also Nadwi, Abul Hasan Ali