The second target for an atomic bomb attack, three days after the Americans bombed Hiroshima. A city and port in south-west Japan, on the west coast of the island of Kyushu, its population was 419,901 in 2002. Visited by the Portuguese in 1545, it was the first Japanese port to open up to western trade. The bomb fell on 9 August 1945. While the hilly terrain protected the population of 230,000 from the full effects of the explosion, 40,000 people were killed and tremendous destruction caused. On the following day Japan surrendered and the ceasefire began on 15 August, the official surrender finally being signed on 2 September. Nagasaki now specializes in shipbuilding and heavy engineering.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.