Kurdish shaykh who founded the Khalidi suborder of the Naqshbandi Sufi tariqah. After spending a year studying with Shah Gulam Ali in Delhi, Khalid returned home in 1811 and established a network of followers that differed from those of previous Naqshbandis by its centralization and focus on Khalid. He then built a network of 116 representatives and initiated many of the most senior Ottoman military, political, and religious leaders into his order. Following Khalid's death, the Khalidi order spread to Muslim territories from the Balkans to Indonesia. They are important today in Chechnya, Kurdistan, Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey.