Jayaprakash Narayan, endearingly called “J. P.” or Lok Nayak (leader of the people), has been considered the conscience keeper of India during the first three decades of the country's independence. In his public life, Narayan refused to seek positions of authority and renounced material comfort. Born 11 October 1902 in a village near Patna in the eastern Indian state of Bihar to a family of second-generation employees of the British Raj with strong nationalist sentiments, Narayan epitomized the influence of all revolutionary ideas of his time, as well as the metamorphosis and maturation of these ideas with the passage of time. Despite an enviable record in academic studies, Narayan's patriotism prevented him from seeking higher education in any British institution or Indian institution funded by the British government. Narayan joined the national movement in 1921. In the following year, Narayan moved to the United States to pursue his higher education and became passionately attracted to Marxism-Leninism and the Soviet experiment.
From The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.