1. (narrating) Story-telling, or the communicative act or process of relating a sequence of events or giving an account of a situation, as distinguished from either the narrative which it produces or from the story.
2. (narrative) The way in which a story is told; the strategies used to tell a story (see also disclosure; objective narration; point of view). In relation to narrative film, Bordwell stresses the spectator's role (see also cognitive film theory), narration consists of ‘the organization of a set of cues for the construction of a story’.
3. A synonym for narrative form. In modern rhetoric, discourse that is intended to relate an event or sequence of events to an audience. One of the four rhetorical modes of discourse identified by Brooks and Warren as fulfilling basic human communicative purposes. Compare argument; description; exposition.
4. In a story, any element taken to directly represent the voice or thoughts of the narrator as distinct from other kinds of discourse within the text, such as dialogue. Telling as opposed to showing.