Iranian philosopher, theologian, traditionalist, teacher, and writer. Left Iran in 1979 for the United States. Advocates Safavid Islam as representing the real essence of Islamic and Shii thought. Claims that contemporary people, especially in the West, no longer understand or appreciate the sacred and have lost sight of what is essential and eternal. Hopes to revive the sacred quality of knowledge. Opponent of modernism, rationalism, materialism, and secularism as forces that alienate people from faith. Desires the integration of science, philosophy, and art, believing that the essential unity of all things reflects the unity of God. Sees true freedom as a matter of understanding one's relationship to God, as expressed in Islamic philosophy and Sufism.
Subjects: Philosophy — Islam.