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The most important and popular genre of Sanskrit theatre, drawing its material from the Epics, Purāṇas, and history. A nāṭaka's hero was usually a god or a king, and its main rasa either the erotic (śṛṅgāra) or the heroic (vīra). Examples include many of the best known plays in Sanskrit drama, such as Kālidāsa's Abhijñānaśākuntalam (‘The Recognition of Śakuntalā’) and Bhavabhūti's Uttararāmacarita (‘Rāma's Last Act').

Subjects: Hinduism.

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