temperance agitator, after an unhappy youth and irregular schooling during her family's journeying from Kentucky to Texas and Missouri married the intemperate Reverend Gloyd. A second marriage (1877) gave her the name Nation, and following a short period of school teaching she became absorbed in emotional religious activity, convinced that she was divinely appointed to destroy the institution of the saloon. She began her crusade at Medicine Lodge, Kan. (1899), and continued with a spectacular destruction of property in saloons. Her favorite weapon was the hatchet, and she referred to her exploits as “hatchetings” or “hatchetations.” Her temperance lectures took her through the U.S. and Europe, and in 1904 she published The Use and Need of the Life of Carry A. Nation. Frequently jailed and ridiculed, she gladly suffered martyrdom. Carleton Beals's Cyclone Carry (1962) is a lively life.