The largest, wealthiest, most effective research-oriented agency of the US government, administratively an agency of the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). It comprises several Institutes that focus on specific categories of disease: cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, infectious diseases including HIV/AIDS, allergic conditions, arthritis and rheumatism, conditions associated with aging, eye diseases, etc. Some of the Institutes have mandates that go beyond sponsorship of research. For example, the John E. Fogarty International Center for International Health sometimes has a quasidiplomatic role, and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, based in Research Triangle, North Carolina, conducts standard-setting studies. Most of the Institutes have their headquarters in Bethesda, Maryland. For more information, see http://www.nih.gov, where current organization, major activities, new initiatives, official reports, and more, are accessible.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.