Constitutionally the highest state organ of power in China. The first Congress was elected in 1954 in accordance with the constitution of that year. Thereafter, it met every year, and was newly elected every five years. Between its sessions, its business was run by a permanent committee. In theory, the government was responsible to the People's Congress, whose legislative powers were confirmed in the 1982 constitution. In line with other Communist assemblies, however, in practice it remained principally a body of affirmation, not of criticism.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).