A Greek city on the east bank of the Canopic branch of the Nile 83 km. (52 mi.) SE of Alexandria. It was founded as a trading station in the reign of Psammetichus I (664–610 bc). Under Amasis the Hellenion was erected by the Ionians from Chios, Teos, Phocaea, Clazomenae, the Dorians of Rhodes, Cnidus, Halicarnassus, Phaselis, and Aeolian Mytilene. Aegina, Samos, and Miletus had their own temples in honour of Zeus, Hera, and Apollo.
Subjects: Classical Studies.