(b Montreal, 27 Dec. 1921; d Montreal, 26 Dec. 2006)
Canadian dancer, choreographer, ballet master, and teacher. He studied with various teachers including Craske, Volkova, and Preobrajenska and in 1944 joined Ballet Theatre (later American Ballet Theatre) as dancer, and eventually ballet master and co-director of the school (1958). In 1965 he moved to Les Grands Ballets Canadiens as co-artistic director and chief choreographer, and was instrumental in establishing the company's international reputation as well as maintaining its stability at home. He resigned his post as co-artistic director in 1974, while remaining as resident choreographer. His ballets include La Fille mal gardée (Joffrey Ballet, 1960), Carmina Burana (mus. Orff, Les Grands Ballets Canadiens, 1966, revived 1993), Symphony of Psalms (mus. Stravinsky, 1970), and Tommy (mus. The Who, 1970), a phenomenally successful rock ballet for Les Grands Ballets. A list of his other works for Montreal includes Hip and Straight (1967), Cérémonie (1972), Incohérence (1976), Liberté tempérée (1976), La Scouine (1977), Aurkhi (1978), and Les Sept Péchés capitaux (1978). He was artistic director of Colorado Ballet (1981–2).