Johann Lorenz Natter

(1705—1763) gem-engraver and medallist

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(1705–63). German medallist and gem engraver. After training as a goldsmith he led a peripatetic existence moving from capital to capital. In Florence, encouraged by the antiquary Philipp von Stosch, he developed a classical style based on Antique carved gems. This early manifestation of Neoclassicism found particular favour in Augustan England, where Natter made a handsome medal with a bust portrait all'antica of Sir Robert Walpole (1741; London, BM). In the next decade he travelled extensively and adapted his style to conform with the prevailing taste for Rococo design. His most constant patron was William IV, Stadholder of the Netherlands, who commissioned many gems and medals from him. In 1754 he published a treatise on the methods used for gem engraving in Antiquity.

From The Oxford Companion to Western Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Art.

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