Is the idea that the pattern of HRM practice is not solely the product of management policy and action but is negotiated with employees and partly reflects their interests. Such negotiation may be formal and be conducted through trade union or other workforce representatives. In other cases, however, it may simply involve ‘give and take’ between workers and their supervisors, in which employees cooperate with management and accept direction in return for managers tolerating a variety of informal workplace practices. [See fiddles and frontier of control.]
Subjects: Human Resource Management.