(b. 20 Feb. 1901, d. 29 Aug. 1984).
President of Egypt 1952–4 Born in Khartoum, he joined the Egyptian army in 1921, gradually rising to the rank of brigade commander during the war against the newly created state of Israel (1948–9). A man of integrity and honesty, he was chosen as nominal leader of the 1952 coup in which King Farouk was deposed. As premier and then President, his plans to establish a multi‐party democracy enjoyed considerable popular support. However, his political rival, Nasser, increased his hold on the army and deposed him in 1954, putting him under house arrest. He was released by Sadat in 1971.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).