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nematocyst


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In Cnidaria, part of a cnidoblast; it is a pear-shaped sac with a lid (operculum), the outer end of the sac being extended to form a long, hollow thread which is stored coiled within the sac, immersed in a fluid. On stimulation of a sensory bristle (a cnidocil) the thread is expelled, as a weapon or to capture or hold prey, depending on the type of nematocyst. Some nematocysts are barbed and some inject venom.

Subjects: Ecology and Conservation — Zoology and Animal Sciences.


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