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n. an instrument (endoscope) used for examining the interior of the kidney, usually passed into the renal pelvis through a track from the skin surface after needle nephrostomy and dilatation of the tract over a guide wire. The nephroscope allows the passage of instruments under direct vision to remove calculi (see percutaneous nephrolithotomy) or disintegrate them by ultrasound probes or electrohydraulic shock waves (see lithotripsy).

Subjects: Medicine and Health.

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