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Is the action of appointing and promoting family and relatives. In an organization, it means that family members are favoured over others, even though they may not be as qualified or skilled. Family businesses, by definition, rely on nepotism. In other contemporary organizations, the meaning of nepotism is often extended to include any sort of favouritism towards family and friends of existing employees. Critics of nepotism consider it bad practice because it favours connections over talent, and therefore does not lead to a truly meritocractic organization. Defenders of nepotism argue that it has the virtue of producing a loyal and trusted workforce. [See equal opportunity.]

Subjects: Human Resource Management — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

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