Nemrut Dag˘, Turkey

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Mountain‐top sanctuary of the 1st century bc situated 250 km northeast of Gaziantep in the Taurus Mountains of eastern Turkey. The site was examined by Karl Humann and Otto Puchstein in 1890 and Friedrich‐Karl Dorner between 1939 and 1963 and is one of a number of dynastic shrines built by the Commagene rulers of Anatolia before their kingdom was absorbed into the Roman Empire around ad 72. The principal feature of Nemrut Dağ is the colossal stone sculptures and mausoleum erected by Antiochus I (c.69–34 bc). The fragmentary Greek inscriptions indicate that the statuary represented the Achaemenid and Seleucid rulers whom Antiochus claimed as his ancestors, as well as a variety of syncretic gods, including Apollo–Mithras and Zeus–Oromasdes. The burial chamber of Antiochus has never been located.


D. H. Sanders (ed.), 1996, Nemrud Dagi: the hierothesion of Antiochus I of Commagene: results of the American excavations. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns

Subjects: Archaeology.

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