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Often in place names, or denoting significant cultural or political change.

New Age a broad movement of the late 20th century, originating in California and the West Coast of the US, which is characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture, with an interest in spirituality, mysticism, holism, and environmentalism.

new brooms sweep clean proverbial saying, mid 16th century, often used in the context of someone newly appointed to a post who is making changes in personnel and procedures.

New Deal a name for the economic measures introduced by Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882–1945) in 1933 to counteract the effects of the Great Depression. It involved a massive public works programme, complemented by the large-scale granting of loans, and succeeded in reducing unemployment by between 7 and 10 million.

New Forest an area of heath and woodland in southern Hampshire (forest here has the specialized sense of an area, typically owned by the sovereign and partly wooded, kept for hunting and having its own laws). It has been reserved as Crown property since 1079, originally by William I as a royal hunting area.

New Jerusalem the abode of the blessed in heaven, with reference to Revelation 21:2.

New Kingdom a period of ancient Egyptian history (c.1550–1070bc, 18th–20th dynasty).

New Labour that section of the Labour Party which actively supported the internal reforms initiated by Neil Kinnock (party leader, 1983–1992) and carried through by John Smith (party leader 1992–1994) and Tony Blair (party leader 1994– , Prime Minister 1997– ); the Labour Party as a whole after the implementation of those reforms.

new learning the studies, especially that of the Greek language, introduced into England in the 16th century. Also, the doctrines of the Reformation.

New Look a style of women's clothing introduced in 1947 by Christian Dior, featuring calf-length full skirts and a generous use of material in contrast to wartime austerity.

new lords, new laws proverbial saying, mid 16th century, meaning that new authorities are likely to change existing rules. A similar idea is found in a source of the mid 15th century, ‘Willyham Conquerour was made here kyng, And made newe lordus and eke new lawe.’

new man in Christian theology from the late Middle English period, used to designate someone regarded as morally or spiritually reformed or renewed, often with explicit biblical allusion, as to Ephesians 4:24. In the 1980s, New Man began to be used in a secular sense to designate a man rejecting sexist attitudes and the traditional male role, especially in the context of domestic responsibilities and childcare.

New Model Army a disciplined and well-trained army created in 1645 by Oliver Cromwell to fight for the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War. It later came to possess considerable political influence.

new moon the phase of the moon when it first appears as a slender crescent, shortly after its conjunction with the sun. It is believed to be unlucky to glimpse the new moon through glass.

New Style the method of calculating dates using the Gregorian calendar, which in England and Wales superseded the use of the Julian calendar in 1752.


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