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New Archaeology


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'New Archaeology' can also refer to...

New Archaeology

New Archaeology

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New Zealand, Archaeology of

New Zealand Archaeological Association

New Directions in Caribbean Historical Archaeology

The New Archaeology and the Classical Archaeologist

Wetland Archaeology in the Highlands of New Guinea

Mainake: the Legend and the New Archaeological Evidence

New disciplines: archaeology, anthropology and women in museums

Current Questions and New Directions in Archaeological Obsidian Studies

Race-Based Differences and Historical Archaeologies in Indian New England

Buddhist Archaeology in Republican China: a New Relationship to the Past 2008 Elsley Zeitlyn Lecture on Chinese Archaeology and Culture

Anne Elizabeth Yentsch. A Chesapeake Family and Their Slaves: A Study in Historical Archaeology. Assisted by Julie Hunter. (New Studies in Archaeology.) New York: Cambridge University Press. 1994. Pp. xxxiii, 433. $24.95

CASSON, Stanley (1889 - 1944), Fellow of New College, Oxford; Reader in Classical Archæology in the University of Oxford

Art and Judaism in the Greco-Roman World: Toward a New Jewish Archaeology. By Steven Fine.

Digging for Dollars: American Archaeology and the New Deal. By Paul Fagette. (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico, 1996. xxviii, 228 pp. $40.00, ISBN 0-8263-1721-9.)

BUSHNELL, Geoffrey Hext Sutherland (1903 - 1978), Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, since 1963; author; Curator, University Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Cambridge, 1948–70, retd; Reader in New World Archaeology, 1966–70, now Emeritus

A New Deal for Southeastern Archaeology. By Edwin A. Lyon. (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1996. xvi, 283 pp. $24.95, ISBN 0-8173-0791-5.)

 

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[Ge]

A movement that began in America in the 1960s, aimed at making archaeology more scientific, with explicit theory and rigorous methodologies. At the heart of the thinking was a positivist belief in the principles of the scientific method (especially hypothesis testing or hypothetico‐deductive reasoning). In the USA many of these ideas were set out by Lewis Binford in his book New perspectives in archaeology, published in 1968. In it he stressed: the need to use new technologies such as the computer for statistical and matrix analyses of data; the concept of the ecosystem for the understanding of the economic and subsistence bases of prehistoric societies; an evolutionary view of culture; the use of models of cultures that could be viewed as systems; incorporating an evolutionary approach to culture change; and a close relationship between archaeology and anthropology. In Britain, David Clarke's book Analytical archaeology, also published in 1968, took up similar themes, emphasizing particularly the application of systems theory to archaeological modelling.

Although the proponents of the New Archaeology were heavily criticized by more traditionally minded scholars, especially for their use of jargon and for dehumanizing the discipline, the basic principles became widely accepted. The product of studies that implemented and developed the ideas set down under the rubric of the New Archaeology is what is now often referred to as processual archaeology.

Subjects: Archaeology.


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