Was detached from Nova Scotia to form a separate colony when 14,000 loyalist refugees arrived from the USA in 1784. The economy boomed from 1809 after Napoleon had blocked timber supplies from the Baltic. Self‐government was introduced in 1848 and in 1865–6 New Brunswick was the crucial battleground between supporters and opponents of the union of British North America. French‐speaking Acadians make up one‐third of the population. With considerable misgiving New Brunswick entered the Canadian confederation in 1867.
Subjects: History of the Americas.