collection of experimental or new prose and poetry founded by James Laughlin IV as an annual, but since 1942 issued sporadically. Its interest in new ideas and forms is akin to that of the publishing house of the same name which issues it. Sections have been devoted to “New Directions in Design” in photography, architecture, and city planning, and issues often emphasize foreign authors. Contributors have included Kay Boyle, Kenneth Burke, Cummings, Dahlberg, Kerouac, Denise Levertov, Henry Miller, James Purdy, Rexroth, Sorrentino, Wallace Stevens, and W. C. Williams. A New Directions Reader (1964) printed works of 58 authors from the first 28 years.