Was probably ‘discovered’ by John Cabot in 1497. Europeans soon exploited its cod fishery. Although Newfoundland was claimed for England in 1583 by Sir Humphrey Gilbert, sovereignty was disputed until 1713, and France retained rights of access to the coasts until 1904. An assembly was introduced in 1832 and self‐government in 1855. Newfoundlanders rejected union with Canada in 1869. Military bases in the Second World War brought prosperity and in 1948 Newfoundlanders voted to become Canada's tenth province.
Subjects: History of the Americas.