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The formats, categories (see categorization), and criteria (see news values) acting as selective filters, formal contexts, and modes of informational organization in the reporting of current events. The genre itself is framed as factual (though fiction values play a part); see also story model. News coverage by national media is generally framed with reference to categories such as politics, the economy, foreign affairs, domestic affairs, and sport. Within such categories, some events are framed as more newsworthy than others, as reflected in the time or space devoted to them, and in their ordering. Items may also be informally framed as ‘*hard news’ (with masculine connotations), or as ‘*human-interest’ stories. In terms of form rather than content, in television news, newsreaders are accorded a privileged status granted to few others, by virtue of their use of direct address; this connotes authority. See also agenda setting; framing.

Subjects: Media Studies.

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