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Newgate Calendar


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Edward Bulwer-Lytton (1803—1873) writer and politician

William Harrison Ainsworth (1805—1882) novelist

Pelham

Henry Fielding (1707—1754) author and magistrate

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Was published about 1773 in 5 vols, and recorded notorious crimes from 1700 to that date. Similar compilations appeared in the next 50 years under varying titles, including The Malefactor's Register (1779); Andrew Knapp and William Baldwin, attorneys‐at‐law, issued Criminal Chronology (1809), The Newgate Calendar (1824–6), and The New Newgate Calendar (1826). All the Newgate Calendars began in 1700 and they continued until before or a little after 1820. Plots derived from Newgate Calendars appear in novels by Ainsworth (Jack Sheppard and Rookwood), Bulwer‐Lytton (Pelham and Eugene Aram), Fielding (Jonathan Wild), Godwin (Caleb Williams), and in Hood's poem ‘The Dream of Eugene Aram’. See also Thackeray's Catherine and Dickens's Oliver Twist. Celebrated Trials, attributed to Borrow, is a selection of trials from about 1413 to 1825.

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