(b Portland, Oregon, 1923; d Richmond, Washington, 2006).
Amer. musicologist and composer. Est. mus. dept. at Drew Univ., Madison, NJ, 1952, teaching there until 1965. Prof. of mus., North Texas State Univ. 1965–73 and Virginia Commonwealth Univ. from 1978. Wrote on Mahler, Bruckner, and Schoenberg. Trans. Schoenberg's Style and Idea (1950). Composer, in 12‐note method, of 3 operas; pf. conc.; sym. for ch. and orch.; pf. trio; Chamber Symphony, etc.