New York. Museum devoted to contemporary art (meaning in this instance work done within the last ten years), founded in 1977 by Marcia Tucker (1940– ), formerly a curator at the Whitney Museum of American Art, who had lost her post partly as a result of vicious attacks by the influential Hilton Kramer. It was originally called the New Museum and was located in the New School of Social Research on Fifth Avenue. In 1983 it moved to 583 Broadway, a handsome late 19th-century building. A new building opened in 2007 in the Bowery district. The museum is devoted mainly to temporary exhibitions, but it also has a small ‘semi-permanent’ collection, works being periodically sold to buy others (as in the early days of the Museum of Modern Art, New York).