Opera co.—originally City Center Opera Co.—founded 1943 as part of NY City Center of Music and Drama. First prod. (Tosca) in Feb. 1944, Laszlo Halász being mus. dir. until 1951, succeeded by Joseph Rosenstock 1952–5, Erich Leinsdorf 1956–7, Julius Rudel 1957–79, Christopher Keene 1983–6. Beverly Sills was dir. 1979–88; Keene 1989–95; Paul Kellogg 1996–2006. Moved to NY State Theatre in Lincoln Center 1966. Follows adventurous policy, presenting unusual and modern operas. Has nurtured many fine singers, best known of whom are the sops. Beverly Sills, Ashley Putnam, and Carol Vaness, the ten. Plácido Domingo, and the bar. Samuel Ramey.