founded during a printers' strike against New York newspapers as a single-issue journal to dramatize the need for a new kind of book review as well as to fill the gap left by the suspension of the book-review sections of The New York Times and Herald Tribune. Its success led to regular biweekly publication, except for single issues in July and August, that feature lengthy, critical, and informed treatments of a few books, some poetry, and an occasional special article. It is much concerned with sociopolitical matters, national and international, from a liberal point of view. Reviewers include leading U.S. and English critics. Their texts are illustrated by sharp, witty caricatures of authors by the staff artist David Levine(1926–2009), by apposite pictures of animals in human guise from the works of the mid19th-century French artist Grandeville, and by other exotic or satirical 19th-century illustrations.