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Francis Nicholson

(1655—1728) army officer and colonial governor


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(1655–1728) first royal governor of South Carolina (1720–25), born in Yorkshire, England. Nicholson had previously served in a variety of capacities as both an administrative and military representative of royal authority, among them lieutenant governor of New York (1688–89), lieutenant governor of Virginia (1690–92), governor of Maryland (1694–98), and captain general and governor in chief of Virginia (1698–1705). In nearly all of these positions he alienated the colonists, whom he considered provincial and incapable of ruling themselves. Nicholson also served as governor of Nova Scotia (1712–14), which he had reconquered for Britain (1710). Early in his military career he had served in America with Sir Edmund Andros (1686–87).

From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Warfare and Defence.


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