US golfer and winner of more tournaments than any golfer in history, including nineteen major championships.
Nicklaus was born in Columbus, Ohio. Encouraged by his father, an excellent all-round sportsman, he started playing golf at the age of ten at the Scioto Country Club in Columbus, where Bobby Jones had won the 1926 Open. He adopted the less fashionable interlocking grip, which he has retained throughout his career. Nicklaus won the US amateur championship twice while a student at Ohio State University (1959–62). He turned professional in 1962 and won the first of four US Open championships that year. He has also won the US Masters six times, the PGA championship six times, and the British Open championship three times (including 1978 at St Andrews, perhaps his greatest victory). Nicklaus has over 70 other tournament victories around the world to his credit. When not actually playing the game he finds time to design and build golf courses. In 1988 he was voted ‘golfer of the century’.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).