(b. 1 July 1915, d. 27 Apr. 1998).
General Secretary of Vietnamese Communist Party 1986–92 Born Nguyen Van Cuc in Hanoi, he soon became active against the French colonial occupation, was imprisoned, and sent to the French penal colony at Con Dao Island (1930–6, 1941–5). A member of the Indochinese Communist Party since 1936, he became its chief organizer in central and south Vietnam, first against the French, and then against the US‐backed governments of Ngo Dinh Diem and Nguyen Van Thieu. After the end of the Vietnam War he became head of the party in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), where he introduced a number of unorthodox, but relatively successful, economic policies. As party general secretary and de facto Vietnamese leader he introduced economic reforms while insisting upon the maintenance of the party's political monopoly.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).