Harry Mwaanga Nkumbula is considered a father of Zambian Nationalism. He was born in Maala, Northern Rhodesia (present-day Zambia). After working as a schoolteacher and being influenced by George Padmore's How Britain Rules Africa, Nkumbula became the secretary of the Mufulira Welfare Association and later the cofounder of the Kitwe African Society. Welfare associations were precursors to formal political parties and provided black Zambians with an opportunity to mobilize against colonial authorities. After studying in Uganda, he moved to England and earned a degree from the London School of Economics. While he was in London, he associated with such African nationalist figures as Kwame Nkrumah, Jomo Kenyatta, and Hastings Banda, who were all to achieve political prominence in later years.
From Encyclopedia of Africa in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: African Studies.