(NAFLD) a spectrum of conditions affecting the liver and not associated with excessive alcohol consumption: a common cause of referral with abnormal liver function tests. Fatty liver is excessive fat accumulation in the liver seen characteristically on ultrasound examination as a bright and often enlarged liver. This usually does not lead to any irreversible liver damage in the majority of cases. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is inflammation in the liver with underlying fatty liver. It is often associated with insulin resistance, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. Treatment usually involves dietary restriction, regular physical exercise, weight reduction, and management of underlying conditions (e.g. diabetes, hypertension, and hiperlipidaemia). NASH can lead to cirrhosis requiring liver transplantation.
Subjects: Medicine and Health.