The anti‐colonial and anti‐racist posture of mainly Third World countries who have sought a collective identity separate from the capitalist and socialist blocs in the northern hemisphere. The Non‐Aligned Movement originated in the Bandung meeting of leaders (1955) and first summit conference (1961), comprising mainly African and Asian states, but became a majority of United Nations members. Triennial summits debated political and economic issues in South–South cooperation and North–South relations. The movement went into decline due to regional conflicts and differences over how to respond to the changes in the global distribution of power following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Efforts to revive the non‐aligned movement in recent years have focused more on economic issues, with some of the more outspoken members like the leaders of Cuba, Venezuela, and Iran using it as a forum to castigate US imperialism. See also Nehru.
Subjects: International Law — Politics.